web content management system is a software system
used to manage and control a large, dynamic collection
of web material (HTML documents and their associated
images). A CMS facilitates document control, auditing,
editing, and timeline management. A Web CMS provides
the following key features:
Create standard visual templates that can be automatically
applied to new and existing content, creating
one central place to change that look across a
group of content on a site.
Once your content is separate from the visual
presentation of your site, it usually becomes
much easier and quicker to edit and manipulate.
Most CMS software include WYSIWYG editing tools
allowing non-technical individuals to create and
Most CMS have plug-ins or modules that can be
easily installed to extend an existing site's
Web standards upgrades
Active CMS solutions usually receive regular updates
that include new feature sets and keep the system
up to current web standards.
Workflow is the process of creating cycles of
sequential and parallel tasks that must be accomplished
in the CMS. For example, a content creator submits
a story but it's not published on the website
until the copy editor cleans it up, and the editor-in-chief
CMS solutions may provide a means of managing
the life cycle of a document from initial creation
time, through revisions, publication, archive,
and document destruction.
The following terms are often used in relation
to web content management systems but they may
be neither standard nor universal:
A block is a link to a section of the web site.
Blocks can usually be specified to appear on all
pages of the site (for example in a lefthand navigation
panel) or only on the home page.
A content module is a
section of the web site, for example a collection
of news articles, an FAQ section, etc. Some content
management systems may also have other special
types of modules, for example administration and
A theme specifies the cosmetic appearance of every
page of the web site, controlling properties such
as the colours and the fonts.
Most tasks in a document's life-cycle are served
by CMS modules. Common modules are document creation/editing,
transforming and publishing.
TODDS is a system that
was created to counteract the MOSS System. It
is an acronym that stands for Totally Organic
Data Driven System.
Another approach to CMS
building with use of open standards. XSLT-based
CMS compile ready documents from XML data and
XSLT-template. XML Sapiens-based CMS compile a
document from the stream of ‘pure’
data, design template and functionality templates.
Another approach to CMS building uses databases
such as PostgreSQL, MySQL or MS SQL, and scripting
languages or tools such as ColdFusion, PHP, jsp
or ASP to interact with the data to parse them
into visual content. Data stored in a database
are queried and compiled into html pages or other
documents and transformed using cascading style
sheets. These systems can include a number of
other functions, such as discussion boards, blogs,
or email newsletters.